Home | About us | Author | Editor | Reader | Articles Indexed by EI | Network Pre-printed Edition | Top 100 | Agr. Eng. for Sustainability | 中文
Gu Feng,Chen Xuejiao,Wei Cuilan,Zhou Minghua,Li Baoguo.Distribution of calcareous concretion in soil profile and their effects on soil water retention in calcic vertisol[J].Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering (Transactions of the CSAE) ,2021,37(6):73-80
Distribution of calcareous concretion in soil profile and their effects on soil water retention in calcic vertisol
Received:November 24, 2020  Revised:January 19, 2021
Foundation item:国家重点研发计划项目(2016YFD0300801);国家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项(2017ZX07101001)
Author NameAffiliation
Gu Feng 1.Key Laboratory of Mountain Surface Processes and Ecological Regulation, Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041, China
2.College of Land Science and Technology, China Agriculture University, Key Laboratoryof Arable Land Conservation in North China, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Key Laboratory of Agricultural Land Quality,Ministry of Natural Resources, Beijing 100193, China 
Chen Xuejiao 3.College of Architecture and Environment, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, China 
Wei Cuilan 2.College of Land Science and Technology, China Agriculture University, Key Laboratoryof Arable Land Conservation in North China, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Key Laboratory of Agricultural Land Quality,Ministry of Natural Resources, Beijing 100193, China
4.School of Environment and Ecology, Jiangsu Open University, Nanjing 210036, China 
Zhou Minghua 1.Key Laboratory of Mountain Surface Processes and Ecological Regulation, Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041, China
2.College of Land Science and Technology, China Agriculture University, Key Laboratoryof Arable Land Conservation in North China, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Key Laboratory of Agricultural Land Quality,Ministry of Natural Resources, Beijing 100193, China 
Li Baoguo 2.College of Land Science and Technology, China Agriculture University, Key Laboratoryof Arable Land Conservation in North China, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Key Laboratory of Agricultural Land Quality,Ministry of Natural Resources, Beijing 100193, China 
Hits: 164
Download times: 58
Abstract: Calcic vertisol is a typical kind of low-yield field with a total area of about 4 million hm2 in China. Calcareous concretion with particle size larger than 2 mm has been one of the representative characteristics of calcic vertisol. The limitation of soil available water is an important reason for crop failure in this region. Therefore, the curve of soil water retention dominates the estimation of available water content. However, most studies focused on the effects of calcareous concretion on soil water retention of calcic vertisol mainly under laboratory conditions. It is lacking that under field conditions. In this study, both field surveys and laboratory experiments were conducted to explore the effect of calcareous concretion distribution in 0-1 m soil profile on soil water retention. Firstly, the spatial distribution of calcareous concretion was investigated in the study plot with 150 m length, 50 m width, and 1 m depth. After then, soil profiles (0-1 m soil depth) were chosen to divide into 5 layers with a 20 cm interval. Disturbed and undisturbed soil samples were collected in each layer. Physicochemical properties were evaluated to measure the distribution of soil particle size, size and content of calcareous concretion, bulk densities of soil, and calcareous concretions. Meanwhile, the curves of soil water retention were determined using high speed centrifuge. A pressure plate method was conducted to measure water retention curves in calcareous concretion. The results showed that the mass contents of clay, silt, and sand were 30.56%-39.75%, 39.88%-45.34%, and 18.67%-24.45%, respectively, which belonged to silty clay soil in the classification standard of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Clayey particles decreased, but sandy particles increased significantly with the increase of soil depth. Calcareous concretion was mainly distributed in the soil depth of >20-100 cm, where the content and size increased as soil depth increased. Calcareous concretions content in the surface soil (0-20 cm) was very low (with mass content 0.02%), where only a few calcareous concretions of 2-5 mm were discovered. The maximum content of calcareous concretion was detected at > 80-100 cm (up to 11.42%), where the calcareous concretion content was 8.04% in the size of >8-30 mm. Soil bulk density ranged from 1.23-1.61 g cm-3. The densities of calcareous concretions were 2.01, 2.21, and 2.23 g cm-3 with the size of 2-5 mm, >5-8 mm, and >8-30 mm, respectively. Soil bulk density increased along with the calcareous concretion content increasing. Water retention curves of soil and calcareous concretion were well fitted by the van Genuchten model, with the determination coefficient larger than 0.95. The saturated water content of surface soil (0-20 cm) was significantly higher than that of 20-100 cm soil. Nevertheless, the Gravitational-water content in the surface soil (0-20 cm) was much larger than that in the soil of > 20-100 cm, which was related to macropores formed during tillage. In the subsurface (>20-100 cm), soil gravitational-water content and available water-holding capacity increased with the increase of soil depth, but the field capacity and wilting point decreased. Calcareous concretion maintained a non-negligible amount of water, 0.25, 0.22, and 0.20 cm3/cm3 in the particles with the size of 2-5 mm, >5-8 mm, and >8-30 mm, respectively. But the water-holding capacities of calcareous concretion were significantly lower than that of soil. The effects of calcareous concretion on water-holding capacity mainly occurred in the subsurface soil. Soil saturated water content, field capacity, and wilting point decreased with increasing calcareous concretion. Interestingly, calcareous concretion content was positively correlated with the soil sand content, but negatively correlated with the soil clay content. Calcareous concretion can bind soil particles together to prevent sand weathering, and thereby effectively improve soil texture. More calcareous concretion led to higher sand contents, and thus increased the available water-holding capacity in soil. This finding can provide a theoretical basis to accurately assess the soil water-holding capacity in calcic vertisol for precision irrigation and high crop productivity.
KeyWord:soils  soil moisture  particles  calcic vertisol  calcareous concretion  spatial distribution  water retention  water characteristic curve
View Full Text   Download reader

Sponsored by:Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering Address:No. 41 Maizidian Street, Chaoyang District, Beijing

Tel:010-59197078, 59197077, 59197076, 59197079 Fax:010-59197077 Postal code:100125 Email:tcsae@tcsae.org
This system is designed by Tiller, Beijing Science and Technology Development Co., Ltd.

有哪些黄色网站