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He Ying,Tang Xiaoyu,Peng Liang,Ju Jinhao.Optimized selection of the solution for multi-objective optimal allocation of water resources in Fengshou Irrigation Areas of South Xinjiang[J].Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering (Transactions of the CSAE) ,2021,37(6):117-126
Optimized selection of the solution for multi-objective optimal allocation of water resources in Fengshou Irrigation Areas of South Xinjiang
Received:September 27, 2021  Revised:March 02, 2021
Foundation item:国家自然科学基金项目(51969029,51569031);新疆水利科技专项资金项目(XSKJ-2020-04)
Author NameAffiliation
He Ying 1.College of Hydraulic and Civil Engineering, Xinjiang Agricultural University, Urumqi 830052, China
2.Xinjiang Key Laboratory of Hydraulic Engineering Security and Water Disasters Prevention, Urumqi 830052, China 
Tang Xiaoyu 1.College of Hydraulic and Civil Engineering, Xinjiang Agricultural University, Urumqi 830052, China
2.Xinjiang Key Laboratory of Hydraulic Engineering Security and Water Disasters Prevention, Urumqi 830052, China 
Peng Liang 1.College of Hydraulic and Civil Engineering, Xinjiang Agricultural University, Urumqi 830052, China
2.Xinjiang Key Laboratory of Hydraulic Engineering Security and Water Disasters Prevention, Urumqi 830052, China 
Ju Jinhao 1.College of Hydraulic and Civil Engineering, Xinjiang Agricultural University, Urumqi 830052, China
2.Xinjiang Key Laboratory of Hydraulic Engineering Security and Water Disasters Prevention, Urumqi 830052, China 
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Abstract: Severe global water shortages have posed a great challenge on modern agriculture as ever-increasing demand for water due to the population and economic growth. Therefore, it is necessary to scientifically allocate the limited water resources in main irrigation areas, further to improve the utilization rate of agricultural water for the local economy and ecosystem. Taking Fengshou Irrigation Area in Awati County, Aksu Prefecture, Xinjiang of China as the research area, a multi-objective optimal allocation of water resources was established to obtain an optimal selection model (Multi-Objective optimal allocation model of water resources in irrigation area based on Algorithm Selection and Plan Optimization, MOASPO). The economic, social and ecological development indicators were considered, and the evaluation system of water resource allocation scheme in Fengshou Irrigation Area was established, in order to obtain better net economic benefits in the irrigation area with smaller agricultural water consumption. Two procedures were included in the model: 1) To select the optimal solution for the multi-objective optimal allocation model of water resources in the irrigation area, where the NSGA-II, NSGA-III, and MOEA/D were utilized for each Pareto solution, and then the HV algorithm evaluation index was selected to evaluate each Pareto solution under a unified reference point, and finally to select an optimal solution. 2) To select the best allocation plan of water resources suitable for the specific irrigation area. The candidates were taken from the Pareto solution set, thereby constructing an optimal evaluation system for water resources allocation plans in irrigation areas, combining the local actual conditions from economic, social, and environmental benefits. Specifically, the subsystem of economic benefit included two indicators: "per capita net income from planting industry" and "economic crop occupancy rate", while the subsystem of social benefit included two indicators: "per capita food occupation" and "agricultural water use ratio". Meanwhile, the eco-environmental subsystem included two indicators: "fertilizer use per unit of irrigation area" and "total carbon absorption". An entropy weight-TOPSIS comprehensive model was used to evaluate the options to be selected, and finally to determine the optimal allocation plan of water resources. The results show that the cotton planting area increased by 900 hm2 under the appropriate grain output, whereas, the planting area of maize and wheat reduced by 200 and 700 hm2, respectively, indicating an optimal proportion of crops planting area. After optimization, the net economic benefit was 255.18 million Yuan, while the total shortage of agricultural water was reduced by 13.19 million m3, and the carbon sequestration of crops was 118.74 million kg. The net economic benefit increased by 1.0%, while the total shortage of agricultural water was reduced by 8.4%, and the amount of carbon sequestered by crops increased by 4.5%, compared with the traditional allocation plan. The proposed model and optimized plan can provide a potential reference to formulate an allocation plan of water resources in the arid irrigation areas.
KeyWord:water resources  algorithms  multi-objective  uncertainty  evaluation model  irrigation area
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